My PhD project, funded by the Cambridge AHRC Doctoral Training Partnership and supervised by Rae Langton and Clare Chambers, explores the ways we use language to enforce social norms and standards. I am interested in speech act theory, thick concepts and terms, hate speech, blame, discrimination, sexual harassment and social norms. My work is often interdisciplinary, drawing from linguistics, sociology and law.

My current working papers include:

  • ‘Blaming and Shaming’ – in review
  • ‘Sluts and Slurs’ – in review
  • ‘Complimenting Speech Acts’ – in review
  • ‘Cat-Calling and Accommodation’ – in review
  • ‘Speech Acts and Time’ – in progress
  • ‘The Nature of Uptake’ – in progress
  • ‘Policing Speech’ – in progress

I also recently contributed a chapter about the speech act of ‘throwing shade’ to RuPaul’s Drag Race and Philosophy, forthcoming with Open Court in 2019.

Before my PhD I did the BPhil, a two year master’s degree in philosophy at Oxford. My thesis, supervised by Tim Williamson, was on the semantics and pragmatics of slurs. Before that, I studied PPE at Oxford as an undergraduate.


Invited and Refereed

  • ‘Policing Speech’, Hate Speech: What It Is and How It Works, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 2020 (upcoming)
  • ‘Cat-Calls and Accommodation’, Moral Sciences Club, University of Cambridge, 2020 (upcoming)
  • ‘Cat-Calls and Accommodation’, Philosophy Graduate Conference, University of Oxford, 2019
  • ‘Online Speech’, Sixth International Conference on Philosophy of Language and Linguistics, University of Lodz, 2019
  • ‘Shaming Speech’, The Social Institution of Norms, University of Vienna, 2019
  • ‘Shaming Speech Acts’, Speech As Action, University of Trieste, 2018
  • ‘Catcalls and Compliments’, Just Words: Early Career Workshop, UCL, 2018
  • ‘Sluts and Slurs’, Context, Cognition & Communication Conference, University of Warsaw, 2018
  • ‘Hermeneutical Resources’, Philosophy Graduate Conference, University of Oxford, 2017
  • ‘Revenge Pornography’, Open Minds Conference, University of Manchester, 2016
  • ‘Bathroom Bills’, The Centre for Gender Studies Biennial Gender Research Conference, University of Hull, 2016


  • ‘Cat-Calls and Accommodation’, Pragmatics Workshop, University of Cambridge, 2019
  • ‘Sluts, Slurs and Neutral Counterparts’, Presupposition, Force and Social Norms, University of Cambridge, 2018
  • ‘Sluts and Slurs’, Graduate Seminar, University of Cambridge, 2017
  • ‘Revenge Pornography’, Ockham Society, University of Oxford, 2016