My PhD project, funded by the Cambridge AHRC Doctoral Training Partnership and supervised by Rae Langton and Clare Chambers, explores the ways we use language to enforce social norms and standards. I am interested in speech act theory, thick concepts and terms, hate speech, blame, discrimination, sexual harassment and social norms. My work is often interdisciplinary, drawing from linguistics, sociology and law.

I run a weekly philosophy of language reading group at Cambridge; you can sign up to the mailing list here.


My current working papers include:

  • ‘Blaming and Shaming’
  • ‘Sluts and Slurs’
  • ‘Cat-Calling and Compliments’
  • ‘The Nature of Uptake’
  • ‘On Flirting’
  • ‘Speech Acts and Time’
  • ‘Policing Speech’

I also recently contributed a chapter about the speech act of ‘throwing shade’ to RuPaul’s Drag Race and Philosophy.


Invited and Refereed

  • ‘What’s Uptake?’, Speech Acts, Expression, and Social Context, University of Szczecin, 2020 (upcoming)
  • ‘Policing Speech’, Hate Speech: What It Is and How It Works, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 2020 (upcoming)
  • ‘Cat-Calls and Accommodation’, Moral Sciences Club, University of Cambridge, 2020 (upcoming)
  • ‘Cat-Calls and Accommodation’, Philosophy Graduate Conference, University of Oxford, 2019
  • ‘Online Speech’, Sixth International Conference on Philosophy of Language and Linguistics, University of Lodz, 2019
  • ‘Shaming Speech’, The Social Institution of Norms, University of Vienna, 2019
  • ‘Shaming Speech Acts’, Speech As Action, University of Trieste, 2018
  • ‘Catcalls and Compliments’, Just Words: Early Career Workshop, UCL, 2018
  • ‘Sluts and Slurs’, Context, Cognition & Communication Conference, University of Warsaw, 2018
  • ‘Hermeneutical Resources’, Philosophy Graduate Conference, University of Oxford, 2017
  • ‘Revenge Pornography’, Open Minds Conference, University of Manchester, 2016
  • ‘Bathroom Bills’, The Centre for Gender Studies Biennial Gender Research Conference, University of Hull, 2016


  • ‘Cat-Calls and Accommodation’, Pragmatics Workshop, University of Cambridge, 2019
  • ‘Sluts, Slurs and Neutral Counterparts’, Presupposition, Force and Social Norms, University of Cambridge, 2018
  • ‘Sluts and Slurs’, Graduate Seminar, University of Cambridge, 2017
  • ‘Revenge Pornography’, Ockham Society, University of Oxford, 2016