I am interested in the relationship between language and social norms and values. I see language as an immensely powerful tool. It’s not just a means of sharing information; it also shapes what we believe, how we feel, how we act, and even what there is in the world.  I’m especially interested in the relationship between language and systems of oppression.  My work is a combination of philosophy of language (especially speech act theory), ethics, and feminist philosophy. I also like to draw from linguistics, sociology, and law.

My PhD project,  ‘Speech, Sex, and Social Norms’, funded by the Cambridge AHRC Doctoral Training Partnership and supervised by Rae Langton and Clare Chambers, explored different ways norms of gender and sexuality are enforced through speech.

I set up and continue to run the Cambridge Meaning Group, which discusses papers in philosophy of language.


Here’s a list of my current working papers, which are at different stages. Please email me for drafts.

  1. ‘Shaming, Blaming, and Responsibility’ — forthcoming, Journal of Moral Philosophy
  2. ‘Reading is Fundamental’ (about the act of ‘throwing shade’), in RuPaul’s Drag Race and Philosophy, Open Court, 2019
  3. ‘The Nature of Uptake’ — revisions in review
  4. ‘Sluts and Slurs’ — in review
  5. ‘Cat-Calling and Compliments’ — in review
  6. ‘Flirting’, for Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Sex — in progress
  7. ‘Policing Speech’  — in progress
  8. ‘Online Speech Acts’ — in progress
  9. Review of An Intersectional Feminist Theory of Moral Responsibility (Ciurria) for Journal of Moral Philosophy — in progress
  10. ‘Language in Social Construction’ (with Rae Langton), for Oxford Handbook of Social Ontology — in progress